Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are atmospheric gaseous components with natural and anthropogenic origin, that absorb and re-emit infrared radiation. The basic source of emissions is the energy sector, agricultural sector and industrial processes, therefore GHG gas emission volume is limited to special authorizations.
Wo needs GHG permits?
In Latvia the most representative companies requiring such an authorization is heating companies with a thermal input exceeding 20MW. But generally greenhouse gas emissions permits are required for any fixed technological installations which applies to one or more polluting activities listed in the Law "On Pollution" in Annex 2 (total 28). Below are mentioned some of the industries and machines causing polluting that require these permissions:
- Energy (combustion installations, mineral oil refineries and water treatment equipment, coke ovens)
- Equipment for production and processing of ferrous metals (ore roasting, sintering;, remelting)
- Production of mineral products (cement clinker, production of lime, glass and glass fiber production, in baked clay products, roofing tiles, bricks, refractory bricks, tiles, stoneware or porcelain, manufacturing)
- Other industries: production of pulp from timber or other fibrous materials; paper or paperboard.
More detailed information about the equipment production capacity allowable parameters can be found here: The Law "On Pollution"
Greenhouse gas emissions permit is also required for companies that have previously received a category A or B polluting activities.